The situation of the five Central Asian countries in 2013 remained relatively stable，especially in the political field. The presidential elections in Tajikistan and Turkmenistan went smooth，sophisticated arrangements were being made for smooth transfer of government in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan，and the challenge of extremist forces were under effective control. The economy of Central Asia was satisfactory，reaching or went beyond the level previously expected. Problems still remained，such as the widening gap in development，difficulty in accomplishing economic tasks of structural adjustment，the big proportion of shadow economy，and the heavy burdens of foreign debt. Central Asian countries are still faced with many practical obstacles in participating in regional economic integration and world economic system. Looking into the future，uncertain factors in the political field will still be on the rise，bringing new challenges to security and stability. Although the economy will keep the current momentum of growth，since it can not bring benefit to the common people，the process of development will still be accompanied by acute social problems，and the real danger of relatively large-scale unrest will be difficult to avoid in some countries.