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奥巴马政府时期美国在中东的战略态势

作者:张帆 出版日期:2016年06月 报告页数:13 页 报告大小: 报告字数:11623 字 所属丛书:美国蓝皮书 所属图书:美国研究报告(2016)

文章摘要

  

奥巴马政府时期,美国在中东的战略态势可归纳为战略收缩加一定的地区存在。促成这一战略态势的重要原因包括美国全球战略调整、美国在中东的利益,以及中东地缘政治的最新发展。美国在中东的战略收缩包括撤兵伊拉克和阿富汗,避免大规模军事干预;弃用“大中东”概念和“促进民主”这一提法。美国仍然通过前沿军事存在、对外援助和同盟关系在中东保持一定的地区存在,以维护美国的地区利益及确保对该地区的重大影响力。

Abstract

  

During the Obama administration,the U.S. strategic posture in the Middle East could be conceptualized as “retrenchment plus some regional presence”. Such a strategic posture has to some degree been driven by U.S. global strategy adjustments,U.S. vital and enduring interests in the region,and the recent developments of the Middle East geopolitics. The so-called retrenchment includes withdrawals from Iraq and Afghanistan,avoiding military involvement on a large scale and giving up such conceptions as “Greater Middle East” and “democracy promotion”. However,the Obama administration still maintained some regional presence in the Middle East by means of forefront military presence,foreign assistance,and alliance network. At present,the U.S. could still use such a strategic posture to exert influence in the Middle East.

作者简介

张帆:张帆,中国社会科学院美国研究所副研究员,战略研究室副主任,主要研究领域为美国对外战略。