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2010年美国奥巴马中东政策的新进展及变化

作者:刘月琴 出版日期:2011年07月 报告页数:15 页 报告大小: 报告字数:12919 字 所属丛书:中东非洲黄皮书 所属图书:中东非洲发展报告No.13(2010~2...

文章摘要

  

2009年踌躇满志的奥巴马上台后,推出中东政策新举措,经过一年多的努力,中东局势并不像奥巴马总统设想的那样发展,热点问题依旧,伊拉克局势出现政治僵局,局面严峻,国民议会大选已过去5个多月,但有关各方仍未能就组建新政府达成共识,新一届政府尚未如期成立;阿富汗局势没有好转,陷入僵局,奥巴马重兵东移阿富汗战略收效甚微,美国—阿富汗关系在矛盾中向前推进。不过,奥巴马中东问题取得的进展有二:(1)2010年伊拉克战争有了一个重大转折,美军按照时间表如期从伊拉克撤军,留下近5万部队;(2)巴以在华盛顿重启和谈进程,中东迎来了一缕暖意。奥巴马中东政策的变化表现在,美国与伊朗直接对话的新思路没有走通,对伊朗战略由对话转为严厉制裁。

Abstract

  

New measures of Middle East Policies have been implemented since President Obama came to office in 2009.However,the situation of Middle East did not quite work out the way as President Obama expected:the traditional Middle East hot spot issues still unresolved;and Iraq came into a political standoff since the new Iraq government still has not been established as scheduled due to the relevant parties failed to reach consensus to form a new government after more than five months behind the National Parliamentary election,;and Obama’strategy of heavily deploying military forces toward the east of Afghanistan was unrewarding and the situation of Afghanistan wasn’t getting better but came into a deadlock,therefore the relationship between US and Afghanistan has been advanced in conflicts.Nevertheless,Obama still achieved two progress in Middle East issues:Firstly,the Iraq war had a major turning point that is only 50000 units were left in Irap and the other US troops were pulled out of Iraq.Secondly,Israeli-Palestinian peace talks have been restarted in Washington and a wisp of warmth was put into the Middle East.The changes of Obama’s Middle East Policy is that US imposed harsh sanctions on Iran because of the new approach of conducting US-Iran direct dialogue became unworkable.

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