Abstract:In the Syrian crisis，the rights and interests of women and children have been greatly damaged，which has been widely concerned by the international community，especially the human rights organizations. In 2019，the Syrian government is committed to the comprehensive recovery and reconstruction of the country，and to solving the practical problems faced by women and children from the aspects of housing，medical care，education，etc. In the short term，there are many difficulties in protecting the rights and interests of women and children. In the long run，this issue is related to the fundamental question of Syria’s reconstruction. On the whole，however，the situation concerning the protection of the rights and interests of women and children in Syria is not optimistic.