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尼泊尔制宪会议选举后的政局走势

作者:吴兆礼 出版日期:2009年04月 报告页数:11 页 报告大小: 报告字数:11166 字 所属丛书:亚太蓝皮书 所属图书:亚太地区发展报告(2009) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:自2007年底“23点协议”签署以及尼泊尔共产党(简称尼共)(毛主义)重返政府开始,尼泊尔政局发生了重大变化。两度推迟的制宪会议选举最终举行,尼共(毛主义)成为制宪会议第一大党,尼泊尔从“印度教君主制国家”正式转变为“联邦民主共和国”。尼泊尔各政治力量围绕共和之后的权力分配展开了新的博弈,并且导致长达四个多月的政治僵局。尼共(毛主义)领导的联合政府成功组建,但大会党却选择作为反对党发挥作用。新政府面临着诸多压力,完成和平进程、制定新宪法和实... 展开

文章摘要:自2007年底“23点协议”签署以及尼泊尔共产党(简称尼共)(毛主义)重返政府开始,尼泊尔政局发生了重大变化。两度推迟的制宪会议选举最终举行,尼共(毛主义)成为制宪会议第一大党,尼泊尔从“印度教君主制国家”正式转变为“联邦民主共和国”。尼泊尔各政治力量围绕共和之后的权力分配展开了新的博弈,并且导致长达四个多月的政治僵局。尼共(毛主义)领导的联合政府成功组建,但大会党却选择作为反对党发挥作用。新政府面临着诸多压力,完成和平进程、制定新宪法和实现经济发展三大任务任重而道远。

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Abstract:Nepal’s political scenario has experienced structural transformation since the signature of the 23-point agreement among the parties in December 2007. The Historic Constituent Assembly Election was held peacefully. CPN(Maoist) emerged as the single largest force in CA. The new parliament abolished monarchy and formally declared Nepal a republic. Political parties wanted to share power in the parliament,thus led to a political stal... 展开

Abstract:Nepal’s political scenario has experienced structural transformation since the signature of the 23-point agreement among the parties in December 2007. The Historic Constituent Assembly Election was held peacefully. CPN(Maoist) emerged as the single largest force in CA. The new parliament abolished monarchy and formally declared Nepal a republic. Political parties wanted to share power in the parliament,thus led to a political stalemate for more than four months. A coalition government was formed successfully while NC chose to stay out of the coalition. The new government faces series challenges such as completing peace process,writing a new constitution and achieving economic development.

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作者简介

吴兆礼:博士,中国社会科学院亚太与全球战略研究院副研究员,主要研究方向为南亚国际问题研究、印度对外战略和印度大国外交。

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