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东非共同体法律制度与东非经济一体化的关系问题刍议

作者:王婷 出版日期:2023年12月 报告页数:21 页 报告大小: 报告字数:20310 字 所属图书:国别和区域研究(第七卷 2022年第1、2期,总第19期) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:东非共同体(东共体)作为非洲联盟承认的八大经济共同体支柱之一,在促进东部非洲实现经济集体发展中表现颇佳。东共体较为完备的法律制度体系,一方面赋予东共体在国际舞台上合法的缔约能力,推动东部非洲集体化议程的制定和实施;另一方面也为调整成员国和经济一体化利益攸关方的经贸行为提供了司法便利。非洲经济一体化的里程碑——非洲大陆自贸区正式运行以后,东共体也将朝着更为紧密的一体化进程迈进。但是需要指出的是,诸如一般法律原则界定不清晰、条约个别条款内... 展开

文章摘要:东非共同体(东共体)作为非洲联盟承认的八大经济共同体支柱之一,在促进东部非洲实现经济集体发展中表现颇佳。东共体较为完备的法律制度体系,一方面赋予东共体在国际舞台上合法的缔约能力,推动东部非洲集体化议程的制定和实施;另一方面也为调整成员国和经济一体化利益攸关方的经贸行为提供了司法便利。非洲经济一体化的里程碑——非洲大陆自贸区正式运行以后,东共体也将朝着更为紧密的一体化进程迈进。但是需要指出的是,诸如一般法律原则界定不清晰、条约个别条款内容混乱、法律文本规定与实操之间存在适用差距等法律制度缺陷破坏了东共体法的效力和适用性,不利于在区域内创建法治化、规范化、透明化的营商环境,也阻碍了成员国和经济一体化利益攸关方之间的良好互动关系,为实现更深层次的经济一体化施加了消极影响。

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Abstract:As one of the eight pillars of regional economic communities recognized by the African Union,the East African Community(herein after the EAC)has performed well in realizing the political and economic collective development of East Africa. The legal system of the EAC,on the one hand,has enforced the legal contracting capacity of it in the international arena,and promoted the formulation and implementation of the agenda of collect... 展开

Abstract:As one of the eight pillars of regional economic communities recognized by the African Union,the East African Community(herein after the EAC)has performed well in realizing the political and economic collective development of East Africa. The legal system of the EAC,on the one hand,has enforced the legal contracting capacity of it in the international arena,and promoted the formulation and implementation of the agenda of collectivization in East Africa. On the other hand,it has also provided judicial convenience for adjusting the member states and various stakeholders’economic and trade behaviors during the process of economic integration. After the formal operation of the African Continental Free Trade Area,which can be seen as a milestone of African economic integration,the EAC will also move towards a closer integration process. However,it should be pointed out that defects in the legal system,such as unclear definitions of general legal principles,confusing contents of different treaties,and gaps in the application of legal texts and practices,have undermined the validity and applicability of the EAC Law,causing a issues that are not conducive to creating law-based,standardized and transparent business environment in the East African region. They also hinder good interaction among member states,stakeholders and the EAC,exerting negative influence on the realization of deeper economic integration of the EAC.

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作者简介

王婷:王婷 北京外国语大学非洲学院讲师,研究方向为非洲法律。