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俄罗斯文化政策进程及2020年国家项目“文化”的实施情况

作者:刘博玲 出版日期:2021年07月 报告页数:12 页 报告大小: 报告字数:11302 字 所属丛书:俄罗斯黄皮书 所属图书:俄罗斯发展报告(2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:苏联解体后,俄罗斯的文化政策主要经历了三个发展阶段。当前俄罗斯已经形成了较为完备的文化政策体系。《国家文化政策纲要》和《2030年前国家文化政策战略》等法律文件从法律概念层面将文化提升为国家优先事项,将其视为保证统一文化空间和俄罗斯领土完整的最重要因素之一,文化政策具备了国家战略意义。国家项目“文化”是俄罗斯执行文化政策的具体方案,规定了文化政策具体开展的方式以及资金资助内容。2020年新冠肺炎疫情肆虐全球,俄罗斯也深受其害,国家项目“文化”的执行受到了一些阻碍,但在俄文化部和各部门的努力下,国家项目“文化”的各子项目并未停滞,有些项目甚至超额完成。

Abstract:After the disintegration of the Soviet Union,Russia’s cultural policy has experienced three stages. At present,Russia has formed a relatively complete cultural policy system. Legal documents such as the “Outline of the National Cultural Policy” and the “Strategy of the National Cultural Policy until 2030” elevate culture to a priority of national development form the conceptual and legal level,and recognize it as the most important factor to ensure the unified cultural space of Russia and integrity of its territory,thereby letting the culture policy acquire strategic significance. The national project “Culture” is a specific program to implement the cultural policy in Russia,which defines the specific programs to carry out the cultural policy and the related funding. Affected by the epidemic in 2020,the implementation of the national project “culture” was hindered to some extent,but with the efforts of the Russian Ministry of Culture and other departments,the sub-projects of the national project “Culture” did not stop and some projects are even overcompleted.

作者简介

刘博玲:刘博玲,中国社会科学院俄罗斯东欧中亚研究所俄罗斯政治社会研究室助理研究员。