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地缘政治风险与中国的能源安全

作者:钟飞腾 出版日期:2019年06月 报告页数:18 页 报告大小: 报告字数:16876 字 所属丛书:世界能源蓝皮书 所属图书:世界能源发展报告(2019)

文章摘要

  

地缘政治对油气市场的影响巨大。在稳定供应之外,涉及地缘政治的关键因素仍然是价格。美国对很多能源生产国实施过制裁,美国政府也丝毫不避讳此举就是为了实现美国的外交战略目标。页岩油气革命推动美国成为全球最为重要的油气生产国和出口国,带动了全球能源价格大幅度波动。在某些时候,美国的外交战略又会抬高能源价格,使能源消费国面临金融损失。甚至在中美贸易战中,能源也成为双方博弈的一个关键因素。可以说,作为当今全球最为重要的大宗商品,石油是美国外交政策的一种杠杆。中美的战略竞争正在加剧,导致大国博弈对能源地缘政治的影响也在加剧。控制某些生产区域既是美国外交政策的目标之一,也是美国外交政策的重要手段。

Abstract

  

Geopolitics has a huge impact on the oil and gas market. Beyond stable supply,the key geopolitical factor remains price trends. The United States has imposed sanctions on a number of energy-producing countries,and the U.S. government has not shied away from doing so to achieve its diplomatic and strategic goals,such as changing the regime of one producer and balancing the power structure of a certain region. The shale oil and gas revolution has made the United States the most important producer and exporter of oil and gas in the world,which has led to significant fluctuations in global energy prices. At times,the U.S. diplomatic strategy has driven up energy prices,exposing consumers to financial losses. Even in a trade war between China and the United States,energy has become a key factor in the game. It is safe to say that oil is a lever of us foreign policy. The strategic competition between China and the United States is intensifying,which leads to the influence of great power game on energy geopolitics are also growing. There are political and strategic considerations behind U.S. sanctions against Iran,Venezuela and other countries. Controlling some oil production areas is not only one of the goals of American foreign policy,but also an important means of American foreign policy. For China,we can match the U.S. in terms of energy consumption and production,but it is clear that our cognitive and operational capabilities need to be improved.

作者简介

钟飞腾:钟飞腾,中国社会科学院亚太与全球战略研究院大国关系研究室主任、研究员,研究方向为国际政治经济学、中国对外政策及能源安全。