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奥巴马政府中东政策回顾与评析

作者:余万里 出版日期:2017年03月 报告页数:16 页 报告大小: 报告字数:17255 字 所属丛书:阿拉伯黄皮书 所属图书:阿拉伯发展报告(2015~2016)

文章摘要

  

自2009年1月上台以来,奥巴马政府在中东成功实现了从伊拉克撤军,结束了伊拉克战争,推动了从中东的战略收缩;同伊朗达成全面框架协议,实现了伊朗核问题历史性的突破;但不可否认的是,在“阿拉伯之春”的强烈冲击下,奥巴马政府尽管采取了相当灵活的应对策略,但最终于事无补。当前美国面临的是一个支离破碎、暴力频发、危机四伏的中东,也是一个对美国充满敌意的中东。“冰冻三尺,非一日之寒”,美国在中东地区的负面形象显然不可能仅仅通过奥巴马政府八年的任期就可以迅速扭转。因而对于美国下一届政府而言,中东地区仍然将是一个棘手的难题。

Abstract

  

Since its coming into power in January 2009,the Obama administration has made a number of achievements in the Middle East:successful withdrawal from Iraq,thus ending the war in Iraq and promoting the strategic contraction from the Middle East;reaching with Iran a comprehensive framework agreement,marking a historic breakthrough in the Iranian nuclear issue. But it is undeniable that under the strong impact of the “Arab Spring”,the coping strategy of the Obama administration,despite its flexibility,has failed to help. The Middle East,which the United States faces today,is a fragmented,violent and perilous Middle East,a hostile Middle East to the United States as well. As the saying “Rome was not built in a day” goes,the negative image of the United States in the Middle East can by no means be reversed by a mere eight-year term of the Obama administration. Therefore,for the next American government,the Middle East will remain a difficult problem.

作者简介

余万里:余万里,北京语言大学国别与区域研究所研究员,主要研究美国政治、中东与美国关系。