Since its first session held in October 1993，the Tokyo International Conference on African Development （TICAD） and its processes has become the main framework of Japan’s Africa policy. Within more than 20 years，Japan has gradually formed its economic policy towards Africa，the focus of which is to promote economic development in Africa through trade，investment and aid. Japan has made progress in its relations with Africa in the three areas and formed the“Japanese characteristic”. TICAD-V （the fifth session） had introduced some new initiatives in：developing trade and investment in Africa through official and civil cooperation；focusing on peace and security in Africa；promoting human security；and pushing forward the post-2015 agenda in Africa. Some of Japan’s successful experiences in economic cooperation with Africa is worthy of China’s reference.