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1882年英国占领埃及事件中英国报刊“舆论一致”现象研究

作者:叶亢 出版日期:2023年12月 报告页数:22 页 报告大小: 报告字数:23023 字 所属图书:中东研究 2023年第2期(总第87期) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:1882年英国占领埃及是英帝国史上的重要事件,它改变了整个中近东的国际格局。1881年9月奥拉比兵谏后,英国舆论开始密切关注埃及,舆论呈现纷繁芜杂的局面,英国大报是舆论的核心。1882年初奥拉比掌权后英国舆论出现了两大阵营,其中的战争派对和平派进行全面压制。亚历山大骚乱后,舆论要求英国单独出兵解决埃及危机,反对的声音很少。这种“一致的”战争舆论出现在英国政府做出决策之前。从公众舆论形成的视角对此事件进行研究,会发现此时的英国报业处于“自由”时期,... 展开

文章摘要:1882年英国占领埃及是英帝国史上的重要事件,它改变了整个中近东的国际格局。1881年9月奥拉比兵谏后,英国舆论开始密切关注埃及,舆论呈现纷繁芜杂的局面,英国大报是舆论的核心。1882年初奥拉比掌权后英国舆论出现了两大阵营,其中的战争派对和平派进行全面压制。亚历山大骚乱后,舆论要求英国单独出兵解决埃及危机,反对的声音很少。这种“一致的”战争舆论出现在英国政府做出决策之前。从公众舆论形成的视角对此事件进行研究,会发现此时的英国报业处于“自由”时期,但依然形成了“一致的”舆论。英国的大报在舆论形成中起到了重要作用,而大报的幕后推手来自在埃及的少数英国人。少数人制造舆论奠定了“舆论一致”的民意基础。本文以此个案研究来反思西方自由主义媒介理论。

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Abstract:The British occupation of Egypt in 1882 was an important event in the history of the British Empire,which changed the international landscape of the entire Middle and Near East. After Olabi’s September remonstrance in 1881,British public opinion began to pay close attention to Egypt,presenting a complex and complex situation,and in essence,the British newspaper was the core of public opinion. After Olabi took power in early 1882... 展开

Abstract:The British occupation of Egypt in 1882 was an important event in the history of the British Empire,which changed the international landscape of the entire Middle and Near East. After Olabi’s September remonstrance in 1881,British public opinion began to pay close attention to Egypt,presenting a complex and complex situation,and in essence,the British newspaper was the core of public opinion. After Olabi took power in early 1882,there were two major camps in British public opinion,but the war factions in public opinion carried out a comprehensive suppression of the pacifists. After the Alexander riots,public opinion demanded that Britain alone send troops to solve the Egyptian crisis,but there were few opposing voices. This “consistent” war opinion appeared before the British government made decisions. From the perspective of public opinion formation,studying this event reveals that the British newspaper industry was in a period of “freedom” at this time,but still formed a “consistent” public opinion. The major newspapers in the UK played an important role in shaping public opinion,and the behind the scenes supporters of the major newspapers came from a few British people in Egypt. A few people create public opinion and form the public opinion foundation of “consensus”. Reflect on Western liberal media theory through this case study.

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作者简介

叶亢:叶亢,博士,深圳大学人文学院历史系讲师。