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犹太拉比库克父子与哲学家莱博维茨关于以色列国家犹太性的争论评析

作者:施歆文 出版日期:2023年12月 报告页数:15 页 报告大小: 报告字数:15712 字 所属图书:以色列研究(第3辑) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:拉比亚伯拉罕·以撒·库克是宗教犹太复国主义运动中的重要人物之一。他强调以色列的内在神圣性,挖掘世俗犹太复国主义者们定居实践背后的弥赛亚救赎意义。他的儿子拉比泽维·耶胡达·库克传承并发扬了他的思想。伴随着“六日战争”的巨大成功,宗教犹太复国主义被带到以色列社会生活的前沿。而哲学家耶沙亚胡·莱博维茨则与他们持有完全不同的观点,他强调上帝的绝对超越性、犹太教的绝对纯洁,以及以色列国和“六日战争”的世俗本质,否认其弥赛亚意义。他们的思想碰撞为后人... 展开

文章摘要:拉比亚伯拉罕·以撒·库克是宗教犹太复国主义运动中的重要人物之一。他强调以色列的内在神圣性,挖掘世俗犹太复国主义者们定居实践背后的弥赛亚救赎意义。他的儿子拉比泽维·耶胡达·库克传承并发扬了他的思想。伴随着“六日战争”的巨大成功,宗教犹太复国主义被带到以色列社会生活的前沿。而哲学家耶沙亚胡·莱博维茨则与他们持有完全不同的观点,他强调上帝的绝对超越性、犹太教的绝对纯洁,以及以色列国和“六日战争”的世俗本质,否认其弥赛亚意义。他们的思想碰撞为后人思考以色列土地和国家、以色列人的身份认同、犹太复国主义等问题提供了不同角度。

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Abstract:Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook was an important figure of Religious Zionism,he emphasized the intrinsic holiness of Eretz Israel and interpreted the settlement activities of secular Zionists in a messianic way. His son Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook inherited and developed his main ideas,bringing Religious Zionism to the front line of Israeli society with the great victory of the “Six-Day War”. Jewish philosopher Yeshayahu Leibowitz held complet... 展开

Abstract:Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook was an important figure of Religious Zionism,he emphasized the intrinsic holiness of Eretz Israel and interpreted the settlement activities of secular Zionists in a messianic way. His son Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook inherited and developed his main ideas,bringing Religious Zionism to the front line of Israeli society with the great victory of the “Six-Day War”. Jewish philosopher Yeshayahu Leibowitz held completely different thoughts from them,he emphasized God’s absolute transcendence and the absolute purity of Judaism,arguing that both the State of Israel and the “Six-Day War” are secular in nature without any messianic meanings. The collision of ideas between them provides later generations with different perspectives on issues such as Israeli territory and state,Israeli Civic Identity and Zionism.

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作者简介

施歆文:施歆文,四川外国语大学东方语言文化学院希伯来语专业教师。