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美印战略互动及其影响

作者:金君达 出版日期:2023年12月 报告页数:15 页 报告大小: 报告字数:16746 字 所属丛书:国际形势黄皮书 所属图书:全球政治与安全报告(2024) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:2023年是印度着力提升国际影响力的一年,印度利用担任二十国集团(G20)轮值主席国之机,在双多边外交中推广印度议程,打造“发展中国家领袖”形象。2023年,美印战略合作呈现升温迹象,地缘政治成为美西方加快推进对印合作的关键因素。美印合作主要体现在三大领域:在军事安全领域,美印着重强调技术转让和削减印度对俄技术依赖,取得较快进展;在国内经济、技术领域,美印发起一系列鼓励投资和人员交流的机制,但在部分政策方向上仍存分歧;在国际治理领域,两国联合抗... 展开

文章摘要:2023年是印度着力提升国际影响力的一年,印度利用担任二十国集团(G20)轮值主席国之机,在双多边外交中推广印度议程,打造“发展中国家领袖”形象。2023年,美印战略合作呈现升温迹象,地缘政治成为美西方加快推进对印合作的关键因素。美印合作主要体现在三大领域:在军事安全领域,美印着重强调技术转让和削减印度对俄技术依赖,取得较快进展;在国内经济、技术领域,美印发起一系列鼓励投资和人员交流的机制,但在部分政策方向上仍存分歧;在国际治理领域,两国联合抗衡中国影响力,但印度仍表现出较强的外交自主性。印度一方面强调自主外交,另一方面强调对华竞争,与美国“遏华”策略形成一定联动。总体而言,美印加速接近但并未形成紧密同盟,印度仍是维系多极化国际秩序的重要国家,经营好中印关系对于塑造有利于中国的国际环境意义重大。

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Abstract:The year 2023 is a vital year for India to exert its international influence,as India assumes the presidency of the Group of Twenty(G20)to advocate Indian agenda. Driven by geopolitical considerations,U.S.-India strategic cooperation shows signs of heating up in 2023,which has a notable impact on China’s external environment. Cooperation between the two countries can be categorized into three major realms:in terms of security,... 展开

Abstract:The year 2023 is a vital year for India to exert its international influence,as India assumes the presidency of the Group of Twenty(G20)to advocate Indian agenda. Driven by geopolitical considerations,U.S.-India strategic cooperation shows signs of heating up in 2023,which has a notable impact on China’s external environment. Cooperation between the two countries can be categorized into three major realms:in terms of security,the U.S. and India have made significant progress in technology transfer and reducing India’s militrary dependence on Russian technology;in terms of domestic economic and society,the U.S. has put in place a series of mechanisms to encourage investment and people-to-people exchanges,but there is still disagreement over some of the policy directions;in terms of international governance,the two countries have joined forces to counterbalance China’s influence,but India is still demonstrating a strong degree of diplomatic autonomy. India’s autonomous diplomacy emphasizes competition with China,which contributes to the U.S. strategy of “containing China”,but also provides China with opportunities to launch peace initiatives. Overall,the U.S. and India are accelerating their proximity but have not formed a coherent alliance,and India is still a key country in maintaining a multipolar international order and preventing a head-on conflict between major powers. For China,managing Sino-Indian relations is important for shaping a favorable overseas environment.

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作者简介

金君达:金君达,中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所助理研究员,主要研究领域为美国内政外交。