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后疫情时代韩国经济结构转型及未来走势分析

作者:张慧智 安那莹 出版日期:2023年12月 报告页数:15 页 报告大小: 报告字数:14740 字 所属丛书:复旦大学韩国研究丛书 所属图书:韩国研究论丛 总第四十三辑(2022年第一辑) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:新冠疫情不仅严重冲击了韩国的进出口、就业、投资和经济增长,还破坏和削弱了全球供应链和产业链,暴露了全球供应链的脆弱性。因此,韩国政府积极采取一系列政策措施,在为企业和国民提供经济援助的同时,在新冠疫情的“危机”中寻找经济转型的“机会”,制定和实施以数字、绿色、人力资本和区域均衡发展等为主要内容的韩国版新政综合计划。后疫情时代韩国将从产业链安全角度,大力支持海外产业布局的国内转移,适应“本国为主的供应链重构”的国际趋势,完善国内供应链和... 展开

文章摘要:新冠疫情不仅严重冲击了韩国的进出口、就业、投资和经济增长,还破坏和削弱了全球供应链和产业链,暴露了全球供应链的脆弱性。因此,韩国政府积极采取一系列政策措施,在为企业和国民提供经济援助的同时,在新冠疫情的“危机”中寻找经济转型的“机会”,制定和实施以数字、绿色、人力资本和区域均衡发展等为主要内容的韩国版新政综合计划。后疫情时代韩国将从产业链安全角度,大力支持海外产业布局的国内转移,适应“本国为主的供应链重构”的国际趋势,完善国内供应链和价值链,致力于“不被外部冲击所动摇”的国内产业生态体系构建;实施“K-半导体”战略,努力打造综合半导体强国;加快经济的双重转型,推动实现数字化和绿色化。随着中美战略博弈的进一步深化和扩大,全球产业链和供应链治理和重构问题越来越凸显,适应这种局势并努力参与全球供应链重构成为韩国的必然选择。

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Abstract:The COVID-19 not only severely impacted ROK’s imports and exports,employment,investment and economic growth,but also damaged and weakened the global supply chain and industrial chain,exposing the vulnerability of the global supply chain. As a result,the government of ROK has actively taken a series of policies and measures to provide economic assistance to businesses and nationals while seeking “opportunities” for economic tra... 展开

Abstract:The COVID-19 not only severely impacted ROK’s imports and exports,employment,investment and economic growth,but also damaged and weakened the global supply chain and industrial chain,exposing the vulnerability of the global supply chain. As a result,the government of ROK has actively taken a series of policies and measures to provide economic assistance to businesses and nationals while seeking “opportunities” for economic transformation amidst the “crisis” of the epidemic,and has formulated and implemented ROK’s version of the New Deal Comprehensive Plan,which focuses on digital,green,human capital,and balanced regional development. In the post-epidemic era,ROK will vigorously support the domestic transfer of overseas industrial layout from the perspective of industrial chain security,adapt to the international trend of “self-dominated supply chain reconstruction”,improve the domestic supply chain and value chain,and strive to build a domestic industrial ecosystem that is “not shaken by external shocks”;implement the “K-semiconductor” strategy and strive to build a comprehensive semiconductor power;accelerate the dual transformation of the economy,and promote the realization of digitalization and greening. With the further deepening and expansion of the strategic competition between China and the United States,the governance and restructuring of the global industrial chain and supply chain are becoming more and more prominent,and adapting to this situation and striving to participate in the restructuring of the global supply chain has become an inevitable choice for ROK.

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作者简介

张慧智:张慧智,吉林大学东北亚学院教授,博士生导师,吉林大学东北亚研究中心副主任。

安那莹:安那莹,吉林大学东北亚学院博士研究生。