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长江经济带生态发展报告(2020~2021)

文章摘要:2020年,长江经济带积极强化生态系统修复,打好污染防治攻坚战,提升环境监管能力,推动绿色低碳发展,加强长江岸线整治等,长江经济带生态环境发展水平进一步提升,长江经济带生态大保护形成广泛共识,长江环境质量持续向好,生态环境恶化趋势得到初步遏制,资源利用效率稳步提升。通过构建指标体系对长江经济带生态绿色发展水平进行评估发现,长江经济带绿色发展水平呈现出东中西部梯次分布特征,但各省市绿色发展水平差距总体缩小。西部地区绿色生态领域具有优势,东部地区绿色生产领域优势明显,东中西部绿色生活领域水平较为接近而绿色生产领域区域差异较大。长江经济带需要进一步完善生态环境共保机制,推动高标准保护,实现高质量发展。

Abstract:The Yangtze River Economic Belt(YREB)is the main battlefield of China’s ecological priority green development. In recent years,the provinces and cities in the YREB have actively promoted the improvement of the ecological environment and promoted the overall green transformation of economic and social development. The ecological and environmental protection of the YREB has undergone turning changes. In 2020,the YREB has actively strengthened ecosystem restoration,fight for pollution prevention and control,improved environmental supervision capabilities,promoted green and low-carbon development,and strengthened the Yangtze River coastline. The level of ecological environment development in the YREB has be further improved. A broad consensus has been formed for major protection. The environmental quality of the Yangtze River was continuing to improve,and the deterioration of the ecological environment has been initially curbed. Also,the efficiency of resource utilization has been steadily improved. Through establishing the ecological green development indicator system,the paper evaluated the ecological green development level of the YREB. We found that the green development level of the YREB presents an characteristics of phase distribution,but the green development gap of various provinces and cities has narrowed overall. The western region has advantages in the green ecological field,and the eastern region has obvious advantages in the green production field. The level of green living in the eastern,central and western regions was relatively close,while the green production field has large differences. The YREB needs to further improve the ecological environment protection mechanism,promote high-standard protection,and achieve high-quality development.

作者简介

尚勇敏:尚勇敏,区域经济学博士,博士后,上海社会科学院生态与可持续发展研究所副研究员,主要从事区域创新与区域可持续发展研究。

海骏娇:海骏娇,区域经济学博士,上海社会科学院信息研究所助理研究员,主要从事长江经济带绿色发展研究。