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2020年中马人文交流发展和模式

文章摘要:2020年是中国—马来西亚建交46周年。中马两国友谊历久弥坚,除了日益深化的经贸合作外,两国间的人文交流活动也日益频繁。中马人文交流涵盖了教育、文化、艺术、卫生等领域。研究中马人文交流现状对于如何更好地实现民心相通有着一定的现实意义。本报告通过梳理和对比2019年和2020年有关中马人文交流活动的报道和机构资料,发现2020年两国人文交流主要涉及的领域为教育、文化和卫生领域;人文交流以线上交流为主,“线上+线下”交流为辅的模式展开;人文交流具有一定的持续性和务实性,并形成多个常态化交流机制;组织交流的推动者仍以官方为主,民间为辅。随着线上模式的不断尝试,未来的中马人文交流会有更多的创新和发展。

Abstract:The year of 2020 marks the 46th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Malaysia. The friendship between China and Malaysia has become stronger over years. In addition to deepening economic and trade cooperation,people-to-people exchanges between the two countries have become more frequent. China-Malaysia cultural exchanges cover education,culture,art,health and other fields. By comparing reports and institutional data on China-Malaysia people-to-people exchange activities in 2019 and 2020,this report finds that the areas of people-to-people exchanges between the two countries in 2020 focus mainly on education,culture and health. The mode of the exchanges is online communication and online/offline exchanges are supplemented. People-to-people exchanges have a certain degree of continuity and pragmatism,and have formed multiple normalized exchange mechanisms. The government still plays an important role in facilitating the people-to-people exchanges and the private sector supplements. With the continuous attempts of online models,there will be more innovations and developments in China-Malaysia people-to-people exchanges in the future.

作者简介

张静灵:张静灵,博士,中国传媒大学外国语言文化学院教师,研究方向为马来语言文学及马来群岛文化。