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中国与“一带一路”共建国家投资合作的成就、问题与对策

文章摘要:自2013年“一带一路”倡议提出以来,中国坚持以“共商共建共享”原则为指导,不断加深与共建国家的政治互信与投资合作,并取得了一系列的显著成就,不仅为中国与共建国家的发展提供了新的机遇,也成为拉动全球经济增长的重要引擎。71264102但与此同时,中国对共建国家的投资仍然存在空间和产业分布不均衡、跨境并购完成率较低、境外经贸合作区盈利能力堪忧、双边投资协定滞后等问题。为此,中国需要通过调整优化对外直接投资的行业结构和区位布局、构建不同所有制企业跨境并购协同网络、科学制定园区发展规划、重构双边投资协定等方式,来实现“一带一路”倡议的高质量发展与推进。

Abstract:Since the proposal of the “Belt and Road” Initiative in 2013,with the commitment to the principle of “Extensive Consultation,Joint Contribution and Shared Benefits”,China has continuously deepened political mutual trust and investment cooperation with the B&R countries and made a series of remarkable achievements,which not only provides new opportunities for the development of China and the B&R countries,but also becomes an important engine propelling global economic growth. But at the same time,there are still some problems in the investment of China in the B&R countries,such as unbalanced spatial and industrial distribution,low completion rate of cross-border mergers and acquisitions,worrying profitability of overseas economic and trade cooperation zones,and lagging bilateral investment agreements. Therefore,China needs to adjust and optimize the industrial structure and location distribution of its foreign direct investment,build a collaborative network for cross-border mergers and acquisitions of different ownership enterprises,scientifically formulate park development plans,and reconstruct bilateral investment agreements to achieve high-quality development and promotion of the “Belt and Road” Initiative.

作者简介

盛斌:盛斌,教育部长江学者特聘教授,南开大学人文社科部部长、经济学院院长,中国APEC研究院院长,博士生导师。

刘宇英:刘宇英,南开大学经济学院博士研究生。