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19世纪中叶以前布哈拉汗国文化变迁轨迹

作者:黄民兴 康丽娜 出版日期:2021年09月 报告页数:22 页 报告大小: 报告字数:27645 字 所属图书:新丝路学刊 总第13期 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:布哈拉汗国是于1500年在中亚河中地区由乌兹别克人建立的国家,在中亚近代文明交往中举足轻重。其文化变迁以三大王朝的更迭为界,不同时期的表现特征明显。政权统治、宗教影响力和游牧文明与农耕文明的兴衰影响了19世纪中叶以前布哈拉汗国文化变迁的发展繁荣或停滞衰败。19世纪下半叶伊始,俄国的征服中断了包括布哈拉汗国在内整个中亚的文明进程,使之卷入俄国历史长河之中。总之,这一时期布哈拉汗国各民族创造的文化成果,在丝路文明交往史上留下了浓墨重彩的一笔。

Abstract:The Bukhara Khanate,which was established by the Uzbeks in the zone of Syr Darya and Amu Darya in 1500,plays an important role in the civilization of Central Asia. The cultural change of the Khanate is based on the three dynasties and the salient features at different stages. Regime stability,powerful influence of Sufi,and the unique geographical location determines the cultural transition changes of the Khanate during this period,development and prosperity,as well as stagnation and decline. At the beginning of the second half of 19th century,the conquest from Russian interrupted the develop process of Central Asian,including the Bukhara Khanate which was involved in the historical development of Russia. However,to some extent,from 16th to mid-19th century,the cultural achievements,which were created by the various ethnic groups in the zone of Syr Darya and Amu Darya,left a rich and colorful tribute in the history of modern civilization exchanges in Central Asia.

作者简介

黄民兴:黄民兴,西北大学中东研究所教授,教育部“长江学者”特聘教授。

康丽娜:康丽娜,西北大学2017级博士研究生。