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2019~2020年德国政党政治的新走向及其影响

作者:杨解朴 出版日期:2020年10月 报告页数:12 页 报告大小: 报告字数:10894 字 所属丛书:欧洲蓝皮书 所属图书:欧洲发展报告(2019~2020) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:德国第19届联邦议院选举后,出现了碎片化的政党格局,2019年的联邦州州议会选举以及欧洲议会选举后,碎片化的政党格局被进一步固化。在碎片化的政党格局下,两大主流政党面临各自的问题和困境。德国选择党在德国政党政治中扮演重要的角色,成为德国政治地震的引发者,绿党走在了成为人民党的路上。德国共识政治的传统虽几经侵蚀,但依然葆有张力。德国政党面临着政治精英代际传承的不确定性。德国政党政治的这些变化不仅给联邦州层面的政府组阁造成困难,给德国政治的稳定性带来挑战,还对德国政党的未来发展提出了挑战性的问题。

Abstract:After the 19th Bundestag election in Germany,a fragmented party structure emerged,which was further solidified after the federal state parliament elections and the European parliament elections in 2019. The two major mainstream parties are facing their respective problems and difficulties. The AfD plays an important role in the German party politics,is becoming the initiator of the German political earthquake,while the Green Party is on the way to becoming a people’s party. Although the tradition of German consensus politics has been eroded,it still maintains tension. German political parties are also facing the uncertainty of intergenerational inheritance of political elites. These changes in German party politics not only make it difficult for the parties to form a cabinet at the federal state level,but also challenge the stability of German politics,and the future development of German parties.

作者简介

杨解朴:杨解朴,法学博士,中国社会科学院欧洲研究所副研究员,中国社会科学院中德合作中心主任,主要研究领域为德国政治与外交、德国社会治理等。