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广东外经贸形势分析报告(2020~2021)

作者:肖鹞飞 刘晓情 出版日期:2021年07月 报告页数:28 页 报告大小: 报告字数:23370 字 所属丛书:广东外经贸蓝皮书 所属图书:广东对外经济贸易研究报告(2020~2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:2020年,面对新冠肺炎疫情导致的世界经济严重衰退、国际贸易投资出现萎缩,广东省的经济运行体现出韧性。2020年全年,广东地区生产总值突破11万亿元,同比增长2.3%;进出口规模略微缩小,利用外资和对外直接投资保持增长。以人民币计价,2020年货物进出口总额为7.08万亿元,比上年回落0.9%。其中,货物出口4.35万亿元,比上年增长0.2%;货物进口2.73万亿元,比上年下降2.6%。以美元计价,2020年货物进出口总额为1.02万亿美元,比上年回落1.3%。其中,货物出口6283亿美元,比上年下降0.2%;货物进口3952亿美元,比上年下降2.9%。实际利用外资规模比上年增长6.5%,实际对外直接投资比上年增长53.9%。随着国内外疫情得到有效控制,加上新冠肺炎疫苗的推广使用和产生效果,2021年广东省的外贸形势整体向好,货物进出口总额维持在7.0万亿~7.2万亿元的水平,与前三年的平均水平相当。

Abstract:Faced with that the world economy was in severe recession,and international trade and investment was shrinking due to the impact of COVID-19 epidemic in 2020,the economic performance of Guangdong province was still showing resilience. In 2020,Guangdong’s GDP exceeded 11 trillion yuan,with a year-on-year growth of 2.3%. The scale of import and export shrank slightly,and the utilization of foreign capital and foreign direct investment kept growing. In terms of RMB,the total import and export volume of goods in 2020 was 7.08 trillion yuan,down 0.9% from the previous year. Of this total,the export of goods was 4.35 trillion yuan,an increase of 0.2% over the previous year,while the import of goods was 2.73 trillion yuan,a decrease of 2.6% over the previous year. In terms of US dollars,the import and export volume of goods in 2020 totaled US $1.02 trillion,down 1.3% from the previous year. Of this total,the export of goods was 628.3 billion US dollars,down 0.2% over the previous year,and the import of goods was 395.2 billion US dollars,down 2.9% over the previous year. The actual utilization of foreign capital increased by 6.5% over the previous year,and the actual foreign direct investment increased by 53.9% over the previous year. With the effective control of the epidemic situation at home and abroad,and the promotion and application of COVID-19 vaccine,the overall foreign trade situation of Guangdong province in 2021 will improve. The total import and export volume of goods will remain at the level of 7.0-7.2 trillion yuan,which is equivalent to the average level of the previous three years.

作者简介

肖鹞飞:肖鹞飞,广东外语外贸大学金融学院教授,研究方向为国际金融、国际贸易、世界经济。

刘晓情:刘晓情,广东外语外贸大学金融学院硕士研究生。