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2020年俄罗斯政治形势分析

作者:庞大鹏 出版日期:2021年07月 报告页数:12 页 报告大小: 报告字数:11120 字 所属丛书:俄罗斯黄皮书 所属图书:俄罗斯发展报告(2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:普京修宪是2020年俄罗斯内政的核心问题。普京政权提前布局,稳步推进,最终确保修宪平稳落地。此次修宪对俄罗斯政治权力体系产生了深刻影响,它是对普京二十年执政经验的总结,是将普京行之有效的治国举措以法律语言形式的理论化和制度化,标志着俄罗斯现行宪法从叶利钦时代过渡到普京时代。当代俄罗斯的宪法发展史与苏联解体以来俄罗斯转型和发展的进程相一致,体现了俄罗斯国家治理从西方化到俄罗斯化转变的特点。2020年新冠肺炎疫情是俄罗斯政治的刺激性影响因素,政治聚集效应明显。2020年地方选举尽管面临挑战,但普京举措针对性强,应激性和止损性的政治效果明显。普京执政地位依然稳固,俄国内大局依然可控。

Abstract:In 2020,the core issue of Russia’s internal affairs is the constitutional amendment. The Putin’s administration has made planning ahead of time and ensured the smooth implementation of the constitutional amendment. This constitutional amendment has had a profound impact on Russia’s political power system. It is a summary of Putin’s ruling experience in the past 20 years and a theorization and institutionalization of Putin’s effective governance measures in the form of legal language,marking Russia’s constitution transforming from the era of Yeltsin to the era of Putin. The history of Russia’s constitutional development is consistent with the process of Russia’s transition and development since the disintegration of the Soviet Union,which embodies the characteristics of the transformation from Westernization to Russification. The Covid-19 epidemic is a stimulating factor for Russia’s politics and its political clustering effect is obvious. Despite many challenges in local elections,Putin’s actions are highly targeted and effective. His ruling status remains stable and Russia’s overall situation maintains good development.

作者简介

庞大鹏:庞大鹏,中国社会科学院俄罗斯东欧中亚研究所副所长,研究员。