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推进循环经济的政策体系构建

作者:王瑶 出版日期:2021年04月 报告页数:18 页 报告大小: 报告字数:15077 字 所属丛书:上海蓝皮书 所属图书:上海资源环境发展报告(2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:创新绿色循环发展新模式和循环经济政策体系,是上海推进韧性生态之城建设的重要途径。“十三五”期间,上海市探索并实践了“末端废弃物资源利用和产业绿色发展并重”的循环经济发展模式,重点突破了垃圾全程分类收运、多层级工业固废循环再生利用、资源化产品利用经济杠杆等循环经济政策体系瓶颈,推动本市工业再制造体系迈向高端,主要废弃物资源循环利用水平继续领跑国内。当前,国内国际循环经济发展模式正发生持续变革,国际循环经济模式已从废弃物资源利用小循环转向社会体系物质大循环,中国特色生态文明建设框架下的循环经济发展也面临新挑战。“十四五”期间,上海应把绿色循环发展理念作为基本遵循,将循环经济发展目标与碳中和目标、无废城市建设目标、卓越全球城市创建目标有机协同,把循环经济政策优化视角更多地转向全生命周期生态化设计与源头预防。

Abstract:Innovating green circular development patterns and circular economy policy system,is an important way for Shanghai toward an ecological city in 2035. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period,Shanghai has practiced the circular economy development pattern which focus on waste recycling and green industry,and made breakthroughs in the circular economy policy system,including garbage classification,collection and transportation policies,the multi-level industrial solid waste recycling policies,and policies promoting recycling and remanufactured product utilization. Circular economy policies above accelerated the industrial remanufacturing system towards high-end manufacturing,and boosting recycling rate of major solid waste well ahead in domestic. Nowadays,the continuous transformation of circular economy patterns in the domestic and overseas taking place. The international circular economy model has significantly changed from waste cyclic utilization to a great material recycling in the whole social system. And the development of circular economy in China under the framework of ecological civilization construction also faces new challenges. During the 14th Five-Year Plan period,Shanghai should adhere to green development,coordinating the goal of circular economy development with the goals of carbon neutral,zero waste city and global city of excellence,andshifting the circular economy policy to full life cycle ecological design and source prevention.

作者简介

王瑶:王瑶,上海大学环境与化学工程学院博士生,上海市地质调查研究院工程师,主要从事环境与生态管理研究。