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阿拉伯地区城市化发展新趋势

作者:苏宁 张梓芃 出版日期:2021年03月 报告页数:11 页 报告大小: 报告字数:9682 字 所属丛书:国际城市蓝皮书 所属图书:国际城市发展报告(2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:本文基于联合国发布的《阿拉伯城市报告2020》,对阿拉伯城市发展的现状与主要发展方向进行了分析。研究表明,当前阿拉伯城市化模式的可持续性不足。针对阿拉伯地区城市发展中所面临的挑战与风险,报告提出微观上应重点对基础设施的规划进行调整,运用融资工具,解决城市居民日益增长的需求;在宏观上,应从地区层面、国家层面、城市层面等三个层面,针对阿拉伯地区城市化发展形成综合策略,积极地推动社会发展。

Abstract:This paper,based on the report The State of Arab Cities2020:Financing Sustainable Urbanization in the Arab Region,issued by United Nations Development Programme,tried to mapped the broad facts and trends of urbanization and infrastructure development in the Arab region. It illustrated main infrastructure role on answering immediate and long-term needs in Arab city. The smart reordering of decentralised municipal finances to build,maintain,and retrofit infrastructure is one of the most narrowly pragmatic and achievable interventions possible for governments and municipalities,with some highly effective small and large-scale examples from across the spectrum of the Arab region. The paper shows,in a region of 22 countries often beset by social tension,exclusion,poverty,and conflict,the planning and implementation of infrastructure augments peace-buildingstabilization,and legitimacy and inclusion,as citizens participate in shaping the environment of their cities. Infrastructure can either be a vehicle for political and social exclusion that cements narrow conceptions of the city,or the engine for political and social inclusivity so vital for the region’s women and young people,as well as groups like persons with disabilities,migrant workers,and minority religious and ethnic groups whose human capital and contribution are often wasted through marginalization.

作者简介

苏宁:苏宁,上海社会科学院世界经济研究所副研究员,主要研究方向:国际城市比较、城市经济。

张梓芃:张梓芃,上海社会科学院世界经济研究所硕士研究生,主要研究方向:国际政治经济学。