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依托不同类型节点城市,探索“一带一路”多层次发展:基于丝路城市指数2020~2021的分析

作者:樊豪斌 蒋励 出版日期:2021年03月 报告页数:57 页 报告大小: 报告字数:48594 字 所属丛书:国际城市蓝皮书 所属图书:国际城市发展报告(2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:本报告在沿用丝路节点城市的研究方法和分析思路的基础上,针对新冠肺炎疫情的防控情况,在政策沟通指数下新设反映城市公共卫生能力的三级指标,以评估节点城市的非常态公共卫生事件的应急能力。基于数据可得性,本报告共包含138个样本国家和350个样本城市,通过构建包含伙伴关系、区域影响、成长引领以及“五通”在内的评价指标体系,共筛选30个重要节点城市,主要分布于东欧和西欧地区;18个次要节点城市,主要分布于东欧地区;28个一般节点城市,主要分布于欧亚大陆。此三类节点城市为引领“一带一路”高质量发展的重要载体。此外,报告识别了91个潜在节点城市,主要分布于南亚、东亚、东南亚地区。报告总结了“五通”领域表现优异的各类型城市,以满足不同类型的投资需求。与上年度的对比分析显示,不同区域节点城市功能差异性仍然明显存在,但东南亚、南非、澳大利亚和新西兰地区节点功能水平提升明显。课题组建议除加强与东欧、西欧和东亚地区的常态化合作外,应重点提升与非洲地区的设施联通性、与美洲和大洋洲地区的资金融通性,以及关注东南亚地区在21世纪海上丝绸之路中经济、金融、贸易、航运和科技创新中心的建设。

Abstract:Based on the research methods of the Silk Road node cities analysis(2020),this report aims at the prevention and treatment of the COVID-19. Beneath the policy communication index,a new three-level indicator reflecting the city’s public health capabilities is set up to evaluate the node cities emergency response capabilities for abnormal public health events. According to the availability of data,our report contains 138 countries and 350 cities. Through constructing an evaluation index system including partnership,regional influence,growth leadership,and “five links”,we have selected 30 important node cities,mainly distributed in Eastern and Western Europe;18 secondary node cities,mainly distributed in Eastern Europe;28 general node cities,mainly distributed in Eurasia. These three types of node cities are important carriers for leading the high-quality development of the “Belt and Road” initiative. In addition,the report identified 91 potential node cities mainly in East Asia,Southeast Asia and West Asia. The report summarizes various types of cities that have performed well in the “five links” index to meet different types of investment needs. A comparative analysis with last year shows that there are still obvious differences in the function of the nodes in different regions,but the functional level of the nodes in Southeast Asia,South Africa,Australia and New Zealand has improved significantly. We suggest that in addition to strengthening normalized cooperation with Eastern Europe,Western Europe,and East Asia,the focus should be on building connectivity in Africa,developing financial connectivity in the Americas and Oceania,and paying attention to Southeast Asia’s role in the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road,i.e.,the construction of economic,financial,trade,shipping and technological innovation centers.

作者简介

樊豪斌:樊豪斌,博士,上海社会科学院城市与人口发展研究所助理研究员,主要研究方向:城市经济。

蒋励:蒋励,美国杜克大学公共政策学院研究生,主要研究方向:社会政策、国际关系。