Abstract:Friendly exchanges between China and Arab countries have lasted for a long time. In the long historical process，China has mutually understood，influenced and promoted with Arab countries，which has condensed traditional friendship into cooperation and progress in all fields of politics，economy and culture in the new era. China and Arab countries pay great attention on the economic and trade fields due to the high degree of cooperation，high returns and good prospects. China-Arab Economic and trade cooperation is concentrated in the four major fields，energy，infrastructure construction，trade and investment and aerospace. In the process of “the Belt and Road”，five major activities have gradually taken shape，which are commodity trade，service trade，technical cooperation，investment cooperation and tourism cooperation. At present，China-Arab economic and trade cooperation has steadily improved. China’s economic and trade relations with Arab countries have developed well. China-Arab economic and trade cooperation has both opportunities and challenges in the new era. In this regard，China and Arab countries should strengthen communication and risk avoidance on the situation and influence in the Middle East. Under the framework of “the Belt and Road” Initiative，this paper suggests paying great attention on bilateral and multilateral cooperation and promote the further transformation of China-Arab cooperation.