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2019~2020年越南对外贸易概况

作者:聂槟 尚锋 出版日期:2021年01月 报告页数:32 页 报告大小: 报告字数:27216 字 所属丛书:越南蓝皮书 所属图书:越南国情报告(2020) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:2019年,在全球贸易增长放缓的阴霾笼罩下,越南对外贸易却增长强劲,成绩显著:出口市场不断扩大,出口商品结构持续改善。同时,越南对外贸易依存度较高,易受到外部冲击,出口产品竞争力有待提高。越南与主要贸易伙伴双边经贸关系稳定发展。中美贸易摩擦引发跨国供应链转移,越中经贸关系发展迅猛,越美贸易规模大幅扩大。区域贸易安排的贸易创造效应初显,CPTPP为越南贸易增长注入活力。同时,越南积极迎接EVFTA,进一步融入国际。受新冠肺炎疫情在全球蔓延影响,2020年越南对外贸易增长有所放缓,与主要贸易伙伴的关系将受到不利影响。

Abstract:In 2019,under the shadow of slowing global trade growth,in the face of downward pressure on the economy,Vietnam’s foreign trade has maintained a strong growth and made remarkable achievements. The export market continued to expand and the structure of export commodities continued to improve. Meanwhile,Vietnam was highly dependent on foreign trade,vulnerable to external shocks,and its export competitiveness needed to be improved. Vietnam’s bilateral economic and trade relations with its major trading partners have developed steadily. The Sino-U.S. trade friction triggered the transfer of transnational supply chain,the rapid development of Vietnam-China economic and trade relations,and the substantial growth of Vietnam-US trade scale. The trade creation effect of regional trade arrangements was beginning to show,and CPTPP has injected vitality into Vietnam’s trade growth. At the same time,Vietnam actively welcomed EVFTA and further promoted its integration into the international community. Affected by the Covid-19 pandemic,the growth of Vietnam’s foreign trade in 2020 will slow down,and its main trade partners will be adversely affected.

作者简介

聂槟:聂槟,博士,对外经济贸易大学外语学院越南语系主任,教授,主要研究方向为越南语言文化和政治经济。

尚锋:尚锋,硕士,对外经济贸易大学外语学院越南语系讲师,主要研究方向为越南对外关系。