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2020年美国境外入境检查制度探析

作者:武陈昊 出版日期:2021年01月 报告页数:11 页 报告大小: 报告字数:9603 字 所属丛书:国际人才蓝皮书 所属图书:中国国际移民报告(2020) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:随着“一带一路”建设的推进,中国与周边国家的商贸往来更加密切,出入境人员数量持续增长,在维护国家安全的前提下为出入境人员提供高效便捷的通关服务显得十分迫切和必要。美国海关和边境保护局通过国际双边合作的方式在境外进行入境检查,实现了反恐战线前移。境外入境检查使国际旅客在出发国登机前即可一次性提前办理好入境美国的手续,优化了通关流程,缩短了等待时间。境外入境检查的理念与方式对于国内移民管理与海关工作创新具有充分的借鉴意义。

Abstract:With the closer business and commercial trades among China and surrounding countries,the number of entry-exit passengers is increasing,so it is significant and urgent to provide more convenient and efficient customs clearance service for these people under the premise of the national security. The United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP),applies advanced technology as well as the equipment and conduct immigration control abroad through the international bilateral cooperation,which means the front of anti-terrorism is effectively moved forward to other countries’ territory. At the same time,the preclearance of the United States enables passengers to complete all the immigration formalities at one time before the departure and boarding,which decreases the waiting time. The concept and method of preclearance of the United States would provide several beneficial references for the innovation of domestic immigration administration and customs.

作者简介

武陈昊:武陈昊,任职于河南出入境边防检查总站郑州出入境边防检查站,研究方向:移民管理、出入境边防检查。