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2018年伊朗加入反洗钱金融行动特别工作组的艰难进程

作者:张立明 出版日期:2020年12月 报告页数:28 页 报告大小: 报告字数:25884 字 所属丛书:伊朗蓝皮书 所属图书:伊朗发展报告(2018~2019) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:围绕着批准伊朗加入FATF的四个议案,伊朗统治集团的两大阵营:以鲁哈尼政府和温和派议员为主的支持派,力推伊朗加入该组织,而以宗教上层、伊斯兰革命卫队高官和强硬保守派议员为主的反对派,则强烈反对伊朗加入。他们不仅利用宪法监护委员会和确定国家利益委员会等监护机构阻挠议案的通过,还通过礼拜五主麻日讲坛、掌控的媒体及街头示威向支持派施压。围绕是否加入FATF的激烈斗争,生动地体现了伊朗当今的政治生态,凸显了宪政体制与监护权力之间的矛盾。

Abstract:Surrounding approval of the four proposals that would decide whether Iran could join the FATF or not,the Iranian ruling clique split into two opposite camps:supporters from the Ruhani government and moderates,who push Iran to join the organization,whereas the religious top,the IRGC high officers and the hard-line parliamentarian are fiercely opposed to Iran’s accession. They not only obstruct the passage of the bills through Guardianship agencies like the Guardian Council and the Expediency Discernment Council,but also pressured the supporters through Friday prayer forums,the dominant Medias in control and street demonstrations. The fierce struggle around joining the FATF vividly reflects the current political ecology of Iran and highlights the contradiction between the constitutional mechanism and the guardianship power.

作者简介

张立明:张立明,信息工程大学洛阳校区副教授。