Abstract:As a state-level top-level cooperation initiative，the construction of The Belt and Road Initiative is of far-reaching strategic significance for promoting China to form a new pattern of comprehensive opening up and maintaining the global free trade system and an open world economy. As the “leader” and “main force” in the construction of The Belt and Road，the central enterprises in Beijing play an important leading and demonstration role in the investment of countries along The Belt and Road. This section takes the central enterprises in Beijing as the research object，first analyzes the overall thinking and status quo of investment in countries along The Belt and Road by central enterprises in Beijing，and selects three typical enterprises in the fields of energy，finance and science and technology for case study. Based on the above analysis，this section further studies the risk factors and opportunity factors faced by central enterprises in Beijing when investing in countries along The Belt and Road，and puts forward risk response and institutional safeguard measures at the government level and the central enterprise level. This section is of some reference significance for the central enterprises in Beijing to continue to respond to The Belt and Road initiative and lead Chinese enterprises to implement the “going out” strategy.