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2020年疫情冲击下数字时代的大国竞争

文章摘要:一场突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情席卷全球,世界格局加速演进,中美两国在网络空间的竞争日趋白热化。近一年多来,美国在关键技术领域、信息通信产业以及外交层面加大对华遏制与围堵力度,其背后则充分体现了数字时代大国竞争的焦点:科技主导权、数据安全以及军事优势。展望未来,数字时代的大国竞争将更加聚焦于网络空间,但由于颠覆性技术快速发展带来的不确定性、网络空间国际规范推进进程缓慢以及中美关系发生质变等因素叠加,网络空间还将在较长时期内处于失序的状态,而未来的大国竞争将由综合国力竞争转向“融合国力”竞争。

Abstract:A sudden Covid-19 epidemic has swept the world,which accelerates the world structure’s unprecedented changes. The competition between China and the United States in cyberspace is becoming increasingly fierce. In the past year or so,the United States has increased its containment of China in key technological areas,ICT development,and diplomacy,and reveals the key focus of competition among major powers in the digital age:technological dominance,data security,and military advantage. Looking to the future,competition among major powers in the digital age will be more focused on cyberspace. However,due to the uncertainty brought about by the rapid development of disruptive technologies,the slow progress of international norms in cyberspace,and the qualitative changes in Sino-US relations,cyberspace is still and will be in a state of disorder for a rather long time,and the future competition among major powers will shift from competition in comprehensive national power to competition in “integrated national power.”

作者简介

郎平:郎平,中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所研究员,主要研究领域为网络空间国际治理与网络安全等。