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2019年日本外交形势与展望

作者:吕耀东 出版日期:2020年09月 报告页数:23 页 报告大小: 报告字数:22357 字 所属丛书:日本蓝皮书 所属图书:日本研究报告(2020) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:从2019年到2020年初,日本对外关系在落实安倍晋三关于“战后外交总决算”的基础上,开展了全方位经济外交,签署日欧EPA,主办了大阪G20峰会和非洲发展国际会议,进行日美双边经贸谈判,出席RCEP谈判和中日韩三国成都峰会,积极拓展区域经济一体化布局。积极参与国际事务,充分体现日本外交的主动性。但从日本外交政策落实情况看,“战后外交总决算”事实上成“夹生饭”,不仅日俄“领土问题”解决和日朝首脑会谈无进展,而且日韩历史问题风波再起,演化为两国经贸、军事乃至政治危机。顺利签署日欧EPA和CPTPP,使日本主导RCEP谈判走向的目的显露。2020年,日本将继续推进“战略性外交”方针,若坚持历史修正主义,则其“战后外交总决算”仍会面临落实的困境与挑战。但日本不会在“摆脱战后体制”道路上止步,将为修改《和平宪法》创造有利的国际氛围,倡导“自由开放的印度洋-太平洋构想”,向中东单独派兵,充分展现安倍晋三推进“俯瞰地球仪外交”的政治意向。2019年から2020年初めにかけて、日本の対外関係は安倍首相の「戦後外交の総決算」をベースに、全方位経済外交が進められた。日EU·EPA締結、大阪G20サミットと

Abstract:In the year 2019 and the beginning of 2020,Japan launches a series of policies to implement Abe’s “final accounts of post-war diplomacy” and the comprehensive economic diplomacy. Japan signs EPA with EU,hosts the G20 Summit in Osaka and TICAD VII in Yokohama,carries on trade negotiation with U.S.,participates the RCEP negotiation and China-Japan-ROK Summit held in Chengdu,explores new ways of taking part in regional economic cooperation and international affairs. However,Abe’s “final accounts of post-war diplomacy” remains half-done,without any substantial progress in terms of Japan-Russia negotiation over disputed territory and Japan-DRPK summit. The contradiction between Japan and ROK over historical issues escalates into overall confrontation in all political,security and economic aspects. The signing of Japan-EU EPA and CPTPP reveals Japan’s next-step target of gaining a favorable position in RCEP negotiation. In 2020,Japan will continue to promote its strategic diplomacy. Abe attempt for the “final accounts of post-war diplomacy” will be still faced with great challenges if it is still be based on the historical revisionism. However,Japan will not stop on the way of escaping the post-war regime and continue to strengthen its “diplomacy taking a panoramic perspective of the globe” throughout creating a favorable environment to revising the constitution,promoting the Indo-Pacific Vision and sending SDF troops to the Middle East.

作者简介

吕耀东:吕耀东,法学博士,中国社会科学院日本研究所外交研究室主任、研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为国际关系、亚太地区冲突与合作、日本政治外交及中日关系。

呂耀東:暂无简介