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工业发展的国内资源动员——以南部非洲发展共同体国家为例

作者:〔津巴布韦〕伦纳德·奇通戈 出版日期:2018年08月 报告页数:14 页 报告大小: 报告字数:11069 字 所属丛书: 所属图书:非洲研究 2018年第1卷(总第12卷)

文章摘要

  

南部非洲发展共同体(SDAC)的工业化战略已成为该地区发展议程的支柱。本文探讨国内资源动员(DRM)为该战略提供资金的作用。基于国内资源动员相关理论并依照发展中国家的国内资源动员经验和南共体自身经验,本文探索南共体国内资源动员的路径,并得出以下结论:南共体地区的中长期计划取决于工业部门在国家和地区两级的发展和现代化程度;有必要在国家和地区层面发展健全的融资机制,确保南共体国家和地区成功实现经济现代化——个人通过个人所得税和储蓄、企业通过企业所得税和其他相关税收、政府通过各种公共收入和债务管理策略,为发展资源做出贡献。

Abstract

  

The Southern African Development Community(SADC’s)industrialisation strategy has been adopted as a key pillar of the region’s development agenda. This paper explores the role that domestic resource mobilisation(DRM)can play in funding for the strategy. Based on the theory of DRM and experiences with DRM in developing countries,especially those of SADC countries,the paper summarizes DRM options for SADC Countries. It concludes that,the SADC’s region’s medium term to long term plans are hinged on the development and modernisation of the industrial sector at both the national and regional level;there is need to develop robust financing mechanism at both the national and regional levels to ensure success in the modernisation of both the national and regional economy within SADC. Individuals can contribute to development resources through personal income tax and savings,companies through corporate and other business-related taxes,and Governments through a variety of public revenue streams and debt management strategies.

作者简介

〔津巴布韦〕伦纳德·奇通戈:〔津巴布韦〕伦纳德·奇通戈,津巴布韦南部非洲研究与文献中心副研究员