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关注青春期性健康,促进青少年健康发展

文章摘要:青春期“性健康”是影响个体人生进程的重要因素,对促进青少年心理健康、提高人口素质具有重要意义。调研发现,上海青少年的性生理发育趋向平缓,性观念日趋开放,性行为发生率有所上升;同时,青少年对性知识的掌握不足,现实中青少年主要通过自我摸索应对青春期性困惑,青少年日益开放的性态度与性知识获取渠道的不规范以及性教育的不充分之间的矛盾日益突出。根据青春期身心发展的特点,学校和家庭、社会应共同构建科学化、系统化的青春期性教育体系。

Abstract:Pubertal “sexual health” is an influential factor to individual growth,is important to juvenile psychological well-being and improvement of population quality. Our research has identified the following characteristics of juvenile group in Shanghai:its “advance” of sexual physiological maturity has been slowing down;its sexual psychology has become increasingly open and more tolerant;its sexual behavior frequency has increased to some extent;while its knowledge on sex is inadequate. In reality,juvenile still have to find their own way of acquiring sexual knowledge. The contradiction between juvenile’s increasingly open attitude towards sex and the lack of proper sexual education has become more acute. It has become an urgent issue that for the healthy growth of next generation,we need to work with school,family and society together to create a systematic sexual education system.

作者简介

裘晓兰:裘晓兰,上海社会科学院社会学研究所助理研究员。