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国内“一带一路”研究的基本特点及分析

文章摘要

“一带一路”倡议提出以来,学术界展开了诸多研究,并取得了丰富的成果,这些成果对于“一带一路”的相关研究与实践工作均具有重要意义。总体来看,学术界围绕这一问题的研究具有以下特征:成果学科分布上的“文重理轻”、缺乏实地考察、政策分析占主体,研究内容上对重要现实问题有所回避、对沿线国家的反对意见不够重视等。其中,国际政治、国际关系学科取得的研究成果较为突出,既关注“一带一路”本身,开展了诸多基础分析,也重视“一带一路”与中国外交,关注潜在的风险与挑战,同时还从国际合作的角度,进行了相关的国别研究。现有成果与“一带一路”建设的需要尚有差距,需加强自然科学的相关研究,拓展研究议题,强化基础研究。要继续重视国别研究,关注现实问题,加强实地考察,更好地服务于“一带一路”建设。

Abstract

Since the introduction of “The Belt and Road” Initiative,plentiful researches have been brought about with fruitful results on many major issues,which are of great significance to the related studies and practice of “The Belt and Road”. Overall,the current researches on “The Belt and Road” have the following characteristics:the results lay more emphasis on the humanities than the science,are lack of field work and largely of policy analysis,evade vital realistic issues,and pay little attention on objections of the countries along the initiative. Among all the research results,large numbers of achievements have been registered in the field of international politics and international relations,which focus on “The Belt and Road”,contain a lot of basic analysis,attach importance to “The Belt and Road” and China’s diplomacy,are of concern on potential risks and challenges,and conduct country studies from the perspective of international cooperation. Admittedly,there are gaps between the current research results and the construction of “The Belt and Road”,and we should strengthen related researches in science,extend research topics,and attach importance to basic researches. We should continue to put emphasis on countries research,focus on practical issues,and ehance field work in order to serve “The Belt and Road” construction better.

作者简介
杨恕:杨恕,兰州大学中亚研究所所长,教授,博士生导师。