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以全面修订为契机 推进中国现代中央银行制度建设

作者:沈卉平 王刚 戴新竹 出版日期:2021年06月 报告页数:9 页 报告大小: 报告字数:7822 字 所属丛书:金融监管蓝皮书 所属图书:中国金融监管报告(2021) 浏览人数: 下载人数:

文章摘要:近期央行发布《人民银行法》修改稿并公开征求意见,时隔17年我国中央银行法迎来首次全面修订。从内容看,修订主要涉及明确金融服务实体经济的立法目的,落实金融改革赋予央行的新职责,确立货币政策和宏观审慎双支柱调控框架,为数字货币发行提供法律依据,完善央行自身治理,加大违法行为处罚力度等。从影响看,修订有助于推动构建金融有效支持实体经济的体制机制、增强防范处置系统性金融风险能力、提升央行履职法治化水平。报告立足以完善金融法制为契机推进现代中央银... 展开

文章摘要:近期央行发布《人民银行法》修改稿并公开征求意见,时隔17年我国中央银行法迎来首次全面修订。从内容看,修订主要涉及明确金融服务实体经济的立法目的,落实金融改革赋予央行的新职责,确立货币政策和宏观审慎双支柱调控框架,为数字货币发行提供法律依据,完善央行自身治理,加大违法行为处罚力度等。从影响看,修订有助于推动构建金融有效支持实体经济的体制机制、增强防范处置系统性金融风险能力、提升央行履职法治化水平。报告立足以完善金融法制为契机推进现代中央银行制度建设,一是建议按照“宜细不宜粗”的思路提高法律规定的可操作性;二是建议将相关法律条例同步提请全国人大审议,协同推进立法;三是就完善最后贷款人制度、央行经理国库制度和确立金融反垄断制度提出具体建议。

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Abstract:The People’s Bank of China(PBOC)has released the revised draft of the People’s Bank of China Law for public comment,marking the first comprehensive revision of the country’s central banking law in 17 years. In terms of content,the revision mainly involves clarifying the legislative purpose of financial services to the real economy,implementing the new responsibilities entrusted to the central bank in China’s financial reform,establishing the dual-pillar regulation framework of monetary policy and macroprudential regulation,providing a legal basis for the issuance of digital currency,improving the central bank’s own governance,and increasing penalties for illegal acts. In terms of its impact,the revision will help build an institutional mechanism for the financial sector to effectively support the real economy,strengthen its ability to prevent and handle systemic financial risks,and enhance the rule of law for the central bank to perform its duties. This report aims to provide new insights to improve the financial rule of law as an opportunity to promote the establishment of a modern central banking system. In this report,we make the following proposals. First,the operability of legal provisions should be improved in a more specific way. Second,relevant laws and regulations should be submitted to the NPC at the same time for deliberation,so as to advance legislation in a coordinated manner. The third is to improve the rules of the lender of last resort system,the treasury system and the financial anti-monopoly system,and to put forward concrete proposals.

作者简介

沈卉平:沈卉平,法学硕士,中国人民银行长沙中心支行,经济师,主要研究方向为外汇管理。

王刚:王刚,金融学博士后,研究员,中国社会科学院金融法律与金融监管研究基地特约研究员,主要研究方向为金融风险管理、银行业监管、金融法等。

戴新竹:戴新竹,博士,现任职于上海黄金交易所,主要研究方向为金融监管、税法等。